Aerobic Bacteria

Aerobic Bacteria

It is an organism or aerobes that requires oxygen to survive and grow in the environment. There are 4 categories of aerobes.

  1. Obligate Aerobes – need oxygen to grow. In a process known as cellular respiration, these organisms use oxygen to oxidize substrates (for example sugars and fats) and generate energy
  2. Facultative Aerobes – use oxygen if it is available, but also have anaerobic methods of energy production.
  3. Microaerophilic –require oxygen for energy production, but are harmed by atmospheric concentrations of oxygen (21% O2).
  4. Aerotolerant – do not use oxygen but are not harmed by it.

Gram-POSITIVE Aerobic Bacteria

    • Arcanobacterium
    • Bacillus
    • Corynebacterium
    • Erysipelothrix
    • Gardnerella
    • Lactobacillus
    • Listeria
    • Mycobacterium
    • Nocardia
    • Staphylococcus
    • Streptococcus

Gram-NEGATIVE Aerobic Bacteria

    • Citrobacter
    • Edwardsiella
    • Enterobacter
    • Escheria 
    • Hafnia
    • Klebsiella
    • Morganella
    • Proteus
    • Providencia
    • Salmonella
    • Serratia
    • Shigella
    • Yersinia
    • Aeromonas
    • Pasteurella
    • Plesiomonas
    • Vibrio
    • Acinetobacter
    • Alcaligenes
    • Burkholderia 
    • Flavobacterium
    • Pseudomonas
    • Stenotrophomonas
    • Moraxella
    • Neisseria
    • Bartonella
    • Bordetella
    • Brucella
    • Campylobacter
    • Eikenella
    • Franciscella
    • Haemophilus
    • Helicobacter Kingella

List of Aerobe Bacteria

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

References :

  1. Balows A, DeHaan RM, Dowell VR, Guze LB (eds): Anaerobic Bacteria. Charles C Thomas, Springfield, IL, 1974 .
  2. Finegold SM: Anaerobic Bacteria in Human Disease. Academic Press, San Diego, 1977 .
  3. Finegold SM, George WL (eds): Anaerobic Infections in Humans. Academic Press, San Diego, 1989 .
  4. Holdeman LV, Cato EP, Moore WEC (eds): Anaerobe Laboratory Manual. 4th Ed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, VA, 1977 .
  5. Lennette EH, Spaulding EH, Truant JP (eds): Manual of Clinical Microbiology. 2nd Ed. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1974 .
  6. Morris JG. The physiology of obligate anaerobiosis. Adv Microb Physiol. 1975;12:169–246.
  7. Sutter VL, Citron DM, Edelstein MAC, Finegold SM: Wadsworth Anaerobic Bacteriology Manual, 4th Ed. Star Publishing, Belmont, CA, 1985 .
  8. Hiroko E. Kikuchi and Takeshi Suzuki. (1986). Quantitative Method for Measurement of Aerotolerance of Bacteria and Its Application to Oral Indigenous Anaerobes. Applied And Environmental Microbiology, Oct. 1986, p. 971-973. 

    Dr Alvin Fox. (2016). Bacteriology – Chapter Three. Nutrition, Growth And Energy Metabolism.  

    Thomas Finn. (2014). Understanding bacterial adaptation to aerobic and anaerobic environments through experimental evolution and whole genome analysis.